1207, Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet (d. 1273) was born.
1399, Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
1744, France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell’Olmo.
1791, 1st performance of The Magic Flute, the last opera by Mozart to make its debut, took place in Vienna, Austria.
1791, The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved.
1813, Battle of Barbula: Simon Bolivar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.
1860, Britain’s 1st tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.
1882, Hans Geiger, German physicist (d. 1945) was born.
1882, Thomas Edison’s 1st commercial hydroelectric power plant begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, US.
1888, Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
1895, Madagascar becomes a French protectorate. 1907, McKinley National Memorial, final resting place of assassinated US President William McKinley dedicated in Canton, Ohio.
1913, Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (b. 1858) died.
1924, Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984) was born.
1927, Babe Ruth becomes 1st baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season.
1931, Start of “Die Voortrekkers” youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
1935, The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the US states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
1938, The League of Nations unanimously outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations”.
1941, WWII: Holocaust in Kiev, Ukraine: German Einsatzgruppe C complete Babi Yar massacre.
1942, Frankie Lymon, American singer (d. 1968) was born.
1945, The Bourne End rail crash, in Hertfordshire, England, kills 43
1947, The Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Yemen join the United Nations.
1947, The World Series, featuring the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for 1st time.
1949, The Berlin Airlift ends.
1954, The US Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world’s 1st nuclear reactor powered vessel.
1955, Film star James Dean dies in a road accident aged 24.
1955, James Dean, American actor (b. 1931) died.
1962, James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
1965, The Lockheed L-100, the civilian version of the C-130 Hercules, is introduced.
1968, The Boeing 747 is rolled out and shown to the public for 1st time at the Boeing Everett Factory.
1972, Roberto Clemente records the 3,000th and final hit of his career.
1977, due to US budget cuts and dwindling power reserves, Apollo program’s ALSEP experiment packages left on Moon are shut down.
1978, Edgar Bergen, American actor and ventriloquist (b. 1903) died.
1982, Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven are killed in all.
1990, The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada’s capital city of Ottawa.
2003, Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer (b. 1944) died.