106 BC, Pompey the Great, consul of Rome (d. 48 BC) was born.
61 BC, Pompey the Great celebrates his 3rd triumph for victories over pirates and end of the Mithridatic Wars on 45th birthday.
1227, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for his failure to participate in the Crusades.
1364, Battle of Auray: English forces defeat the French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
1567, At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Hoorn for treason.
1571, Caravaggio, Italian artist (d. 1610) was born.
1650, Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters in Threadneedle Street, London.
1758, Horatio Nelson, British admiral (d. 1805) was born.
1786, Guadalupe Victoria, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843) was born.
1789, The 1st US Congress adjourns.
1789, The US Department of War 1st establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men. 1829, The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, is founded.
1850, The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
1864, American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm is fought.
1885, 1st practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
1902, Emile Zola, French writer (b. 1840) died.
1907, Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998) was born.
1907, The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the US capital.
1911, Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
1913, Rudolf Diesel, Inventor of Diesel Engine (b. 1858) died.
1923, Stan Berenstain, American children’s author (d. 2005) was born.
1923, The British Mandate for Palestine takes effect, creating Mandatory Palestine.
1938, Munich Agreement: Germany was given permission from France, Italy, and Great Britain to seize the territory of Sudetenland.
1942, Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999) was born.
1949, The Communist Party of China writes the Common Programme for the future People’s Republic of China.
1954, The convention establishing CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.
1960, Nikita Khrushchev, leader of Soviet Union, disrupts a meeting of the UN General Assembly with a number of angry outbursts.
1962, Alouette 1, 1st Canadian satellite, is launched.
1963, The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
1966, The Chevrolet Camaro, originally named Panther, is introduced.
1975, Casey Stengel, baseball player and manager (b. 1890) died.
1975, WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world’s 1st black-owned-and-operated television station.
1979, Pope John Paul II becomes 1st pope to set foot on Irish soil with his pastoral visit to the Republic of Ireland.
1991, Military coup in Haiti.
1997, Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (b. 1923) died.
2010, Tony Curtis, American actor (b. 1925) died.