48 BC, Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
235, Pope Pontian resigns. He and Hippolytus, church leader of Rome, are exiled to the mines of Sardinia.
351, Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.
365, Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
551 BC, Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479) was born.
935, Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslaus I of Bohemia.
1066, William the Bastard (as he was known at the time) invades England beginning the Norman Conquest.
1106, The Battle of Tinchebrai, Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.
1238, Muslim Valencia surrenders to the besieging King James I of Aragon the Conqueror.
1322, Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Muhldorf.
1725, Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer, founded Guinness (d. 1803) was born. 1779, American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
1781, American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.
1791, France becomes 1st European country to emancipate its Jewish population.
1836, Thomas Crapper, English inventor (d. 1910) was born.
1867, The US takes control of Midway Island.
1867, Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
1901, Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974) was born.
1912, The Ulster Covenant is signed by half a million Ultonians in opposition to the Third Irish Home Rule Bill.
1918, WWI: The Fifth Battle of Ypres begins.
1919, Race riots begin in Omaha, Nebraska, US.
1925, Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996) was born.
1928, Sir Alexander Fleming notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory, discovering later known as penicillin.
1928, The U.K. Parliament passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
1939, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during WWII.
1939, Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during WWII.
1944, Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
1951, CBS makes 1st color televisions available for sale to general public, but product is discontinued less than a month later.
1961, A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
1962, The Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
1964, Harpo Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1888) died.
1971, The Parliament of the UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
1989, Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino politician (b. 1917) died.
1991, Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926) died.
2000, Pierre Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919) died.