46 BC, Julius Caesar dedicates temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with vow made at battle of Pharsalus.
1212, Golden Bull of Sicily is certified as an hereditary royal title in Bohemia for the Premyslid dynasty.
1580, Sir Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth.
1687, The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange’s invasion of England, became the Glorious Revolution.
1774, Johnny Appleseed, American environmentalist (d. 1845) was born.
1777, British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.
1786, Protestors shut down the court in Springfield, Massachusetts in a military standoff that begins Shays’ Rebellion.
1789, Thomas Jefferson is appointed 1st US Secretary of State
1792, Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
1820, Daniel Boone, American frontiersman (b. 1734) died.
1872, 1st Shriners Temple (called Mecca) is established in New York City. 1888, T. S. Eliot, American-born British writer and poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1965) was born.
1898, George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937) was born.
1902, Levi Strauss, American clothing manufacturer (b. 1829) died.
1907, New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire.
1908, Ed Reulbach becomes 1st and only pitcher to throw two shutouts in one day against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
1914, Jack LaLanne, American fitness and nutritional expert (d. 2011) was born.
1914, The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
1917, WWI: The Battle of Polygon Wood begins.
1918, WWI: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the bloodiest single battle in American history, begins.
1923, Gustav Stresemann resumes the Weimar Republic’s payment of reparations.
1927, Robert Cade, American physician and beverage inventor (d. 2007) was born.
1934, Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.
1944, WWII: On the central front of the Gothic Line Brazilian troops control the Serchio valley region after 10 days of fighting.
1944, WWII: Operation Market Garden fails.
1950, Indonesia is admitted to the United Nations.
1950, United Nations troops recapture Seoul from North Korean forces.
1952, George Santayana, Spanish philosopher (b. 1863) died.
1954, Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
1960, Fidel Castro announces Cuba’s support for the USSR.
1960, In Chicago, 1st televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
1971, The Freetown Christiania was founded.
1973, Concorde makes its 1st non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
1984, The UK agrees to the handover of Hong Kong
2000, Richard Mulligan, American actor (b. 1932) died.
2008, Paul Newman, American actor (b. 1925) died.