275, In Rome, (after the assassination of Aurelian), the Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus Emperor.
303, On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France.
1066, The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England.
1396, Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1513, Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.
1555, The Peace of Augsburg is signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
1804, The Teton Sioux demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for moving further upriver.
1846, US forces led by Zachary Taylor capture the Mexican city of Monterrey.
1868, The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Neuski is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
1890, The US Congress establishes Sequoia National Park.
1897, William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962) was born. 1911, Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
1912, Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York.
1915, WWI: The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
1917, Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007) was born.
1926, The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is 1st signed.
1929, Jimmy Doolittle performs 1st blind flight from Mitchel Field proving full instrument flying from take off to landing.
1930, Shel Silverstein, American humorist, singer-songwriter and author (d. 1999) was born.
1932, Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist and composer (d. 1982) was born.
1942, WWII: Swiss Police Instruction of September 25, 1942, this instruction denied entry into Switzerland to Jewish refugees.
1952, Christopher Reeve, American actor (d. 2004) was born.
1955, The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
1956, TAT-1, 1st submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.
1957, Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated by the use of US Army troops.
1963, Lord Denning releases the UK government’s official report on the Profumo Affair.
1969, The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is signed.
1970, Cease-fire between Jordan and the Fedayeen ends fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and 9.
1972, In a referendum, the people of Norway reject membership of the European Community.
1977, About 4,200 people take part in 1st running of the Chicago Marathon.
1984, Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (b. 1897) died.
1987, Mary Astor, American actress (b. 1906) died.
1988, Billy Carter, brother of Jimmy Carter (b. 1937) died.
1992, NASA launches the Mars Observer, a $511 million probe to Mars, in 1st US mission to the planet in 17 years.
2003, George Plimpton, American writer and actor (b. 1927) died.
2005, Don Adams, American actor and comedian (b. 1923) died.
2008, China launches the spacecraft Shenzhou 7.