54, Roman Emperor Claudius is poisoned to death under mysterious circumstances.
409, Vandals and Alans cross the Pyrenees and appear in Hispania.
1582, due to implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1644, A SwedishaE”Dutch fleet defeats the Danes and captures about 1,000 prisoners.
1710, Port Royal, the capital of French Acadia, falls in a siege by British forces.
1773, The Whirlpool Galaxy is discovered by Charles Messier.
1775, The US Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the US Navy).
1792, In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the US Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.
1812, Sir Isaac Brock, British general (b. 1769) died.
1843, In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B’nai B’rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
1845, majority of voters in Republic of Texas approve proposed constitution, when accepted by US Congress, made Texas a US state. 1881, Revival of the Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.
1884, Greenwich, in London, England, is established as Universal Time meridian of longitude.
1885, The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, US.
1892, Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1, 1st comet discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13aE”14.
1909, Herbert “Herblock” Block, American cartoonist (d. 2001) was born.
1911, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, becomes the only Governor-General of Canada of royal descent.
1915, The Battle for the Hohenzollern Redoubt marks the end of the Battle of Loos in northern France, WWI.
1917, Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (d. 1985) was born.
1917, The “Miracle of the Sun” is witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova da Iria in F