Historical clothing design of the day is the Diet of Worms. Each day a new design is chosen and an article is posted to highlight the historical significance of the design.
The Diet of Worms 1521 was a diet (specifically, a reichstag) that took place in the city of Worms in what is now Germany, and is most memorable for the Edict of Worms (Wormser Edikt), which addressed Martin Luther and the effects of the Protestant Reformation. It was conducted from 28 January to 25 May 1521, with Emperor Charles V presiding.
Other Imperial diets at Worms were convened in the years 829, 926, 1076, 1122, 1495, and 1545. Unqualified mentions of a Diet of Worms usually refer to the 1521 assembly.
Edict of Worms
The Edict of Worms was a decree issued on 25 May 1521 by Emperor Charles V, declaring:
For this reason we forbid anyone from this time forward to dare, either by words or by deeds, to receive, defend, sustain, or favor the said Martin Luther. On the contrary, we want him to be apprehended and punished as a notorious heretic, as he deserves, to be brought personally before us, or to be securely guarded until those who have captured him inform us, whereupon we will order the appropriate manner of proceeding against the said Luther. Those who will help in his capture will be rewarded generously for their good work.
The Papal nuncio at the diet, Girolamo Aleandro, drew up and proposed the denunciations of Luther that were embodied in the Edict of Worms, promulgated on 25 May. The Edict declared Luther to be an obstinate heretic and banned the reading or possession of his writings.
It was the culmination of an ongoing struggle between Martin Luther and the Catholic Church over reform, especially in practice of donations for indulgences. However, there were other deeper issues that revolved around both theological concerns:
- On a theological level, Luther had challenged the absolute authority of the Pope over the Church by maintaining that the doctrine of indulgences, as authorized and taught by the Pope, was wrong.
- Luther maintained that salvation was by faith alone (sola fide) without reference to good works, alms, penance, or the Church’s sacraments.
- He had also challenged the authority of the Church by maintaining that all doctrines and dogmata of the Church not found in Scripture should be discarded (sola scriptura).
To protect the authority of the Pope and the Church, as well as to maintain the doctrine of indulgences, ecclesiastical officials convinced Charles V that Luther was a threat and persuaded him to authorize his condemnation by the Holy Roman Empire. Luther escaped arrest and remained in seclusion at Wartburg castle for several years where he continued to write and translate the Bible into German.
While the Edict was harsh, Charles was so preoccupied with political and military concerns elsewhere that it was never enforced. Eventually Luther was allowed to return to public life and became instrumental in laying the groundwork for the Protestant Reformation.
Read More about the Diet of Worms at Wikipedia
Adopted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776, America’s Declaration of Independence was penned, with some committee editing, by the 18th-century intellectual giant Thomas Jefferson.
The document read, in part, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. “
He didn’t specifically mention women or slaves in that historic piece of writing, but he did squeeze in the Creator, a popular Enlightenment reference for God in a rationalistic era.
Read More at The story behind Thomas Jefferson’s refashioned Bible.
Story by Bruce Posten
The discovery of a Nestorian cross engraved on a rock in Anuradhapura and another unearthed in Sigiriya some years ago led Prof. Senarath Paranavitana to speculate whether Kasyapa and any other Lankan kings were Christians and whether the crosses had been erected at Christian burial grounds.
Deeper digging revealed Sri Lanka’s interlude with Nestorianism in early history which was due to the the country’s geographic location – being at the crossroads of trade between the East and the West and also a bustling international centre of commerce attracting traders, navigators and explorers. Persian traders among them brought to Sri Lanka Christianity of the Nestorian sect.
Read More at Did Christianity exist in ancient Sri Lanka?.
Story by Rajitha Weerakoon; Photo by Anuradha Ratnaweera
On Christmas Day 800 Charlemagne, King of the Franks, was crowned by Pope Leo III in the Basilica of St Peter in Rome and became “Imperator Romanum Gubernans Imperium”.
A new Christian Roman Empire of the West had been born, and at its head stood a man who was to be claimed as a symbolic ancestor by French monarchs, Holy Roman emperors and German kaisers. France and Germany owe their shape to the division upon his death of the empire into West and East Francia, while the European Union itself can be considered, as Hywel Williams points out in his scholarly and engrossing new book, as “western Europe recovering its Carolingian origins”.
Review by Sholto Byrnes
Discovery of public structure in north Israel city is breakthrough, first time Christian structure has been unearthed in Acre, a city said to have been highly influential in early years of Christianity.
The Israel Antiquities Authority has had a breakthrough discovery, unearthing a public structure from the time of the Byzantine Empire in the northern Israeli city of Acre.
The structure is about 1,500 years-old and it is believed to have served as a church. The structure was uncovered during a rescue excavation by the Israel Antiquities Authority following an unauthorized dig in the area that uncovered the structure.
Story by Jack Khoury