Kong Fuzi, better known as Confucius, was born in 551 BC in Qufu during the Zhou Dynasty. His teachings became the basis of Chinese tradition and beliefs. Qufu is located in the province of Shandong on the East coast of the People’s Republic of China. Much of Qufu is dedicated to Confucius as Mark Melnicoe writes about his travels to Confucius’s hometown for Xinhua News.
Everyone knows Confucius. The philosopher/teacher/sage is pre-eminent among China’s ancient thinkers, and his teachings have profoundly impacted the development of Chinese history and left a deep imprint on the national psyche.
To really get to know Confucius, one should make a pilgrimage to Qufu, Shandong Province. For it is here that the master was born, died and spent most of his 73 years, including the decisive period when he preached to his disciples, who then carried forward his ideas.
To honor its former resident, Qufu boasts three main sites – the Confucius Temple, Kong Family Mansion and Confucius Cemetery – which together take most of a day to see. In 1994 they were added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites for their outstanding historical, cultural, scientific and artistic value.
Beyond these, vestiges left by Confucius can be found all over Qufu. He was born about 20 kilometers away in Nishan, grew up in the area, preached his philosophies at the Xingtan Pavilion, also known as the Alter of Apricot (part of today’s temple), got involved politically and became an official in the ancient state of Lu, and was buried by the Zhu River.
Read the rest of the article at Cradle of Confucianism.
Photo by Vladimir Menkov