With Pope Benedict XVI’s announcement that he will abdicate the papacy, he will make history as the first Pope to do so since July 4th, 1415. While Benedict cites his “advanced age” for his reason to leave his position, the last Pope to resign, Pope Gregory XII, left due to a terrible divide in the Roman Catholic Church called the Great Western Schism.
During his reign there were at least two “antipopes”, or men who claimed to be Pope, Antipope Benedict XIII and Antipope John XXII. Due to this chaos Gregory XII was unable to do much throughout his reign, and may have been but a blip on the historical radar if not for Benedict XVI’s announcement of resignation.
Gregory XII’s nearly 10 year reign came to a conclusion at The Council of Constance in 1414, where John XXII and Gregory XII were convinced to resign and become cardinals. Benedict XIII was not persuaded to resign his unofficial papacy and therefore was excommunicated and lived the rest of his life in obscurity off the coast of Spain.
Pope Martin V was chosen as the successor to this chaotic period, but Gregory XII should be given credit for stepping down for the good of the church. In that there can be a correlation between Gregory XII and Benedict XVI. Benedict has stated that the church needs someone younger to deal with the problems facing the church and he feels in his current state of health he is unable to do the necessary job.
With his resignation comes the question of who will succeed him. There has been talk about possibly the first non-European Pope, possibly from Africa or the Americas. Either way, whoever is elected into the papacy will surely have their hands full.
I will be heading to Trinidad and Tobago to do some construction work on an orphanage. We are going for 2 weeks, from May 2 to May 17th. I am going down with a team of 10 people from my church to work on the Whitefield Children’s Home in Cunupia. There are 3 main projects we will be working on and if we have time we will work on the fourth.
1) Building cupboards in the kitchen and the bedrooms
2) Building a drop ceiling in the kitchen and living room areas
3) Tiling the outside
4) Securing the back of the home with a fence and gate
I will be focusing on building the drop ceiling for most of the time, since the room is 60 feet by 15 feet.
Two and a half years ago, I went to Cap Haitien in Haiti and it was an amazing experience. Even though it will be hard leaving my family for another two weeks, I know that helping out the children live more comfortably at Whitefield will definitely be worth. My kids were pretty sad when I told them I would be away for two weeks, but when I showed them some pictures of the kids at Whitefield and that they don’t have mommies or daddies, my kids said it was okay to leave and help them.
If you are able to help fund my trip, please click on the link below to donate. Thank you!
After watching the Presidential debate on Tuesday it got me thinking about if politics were always this dirty, or if these vicious attacks were a product of the 24-hour news cycle or social media. It turns out that while the modern day attacks may be better preserved they did in fact happen, and were much harsher.
In the election of 1796 between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, political rivals, the mudslinging was especially crude. Adams’ party claimed that Jefferson was a “howling atheist.” Such a damning accusation in extremely religious times could be considered political death, but Jefferson’s people returned fire with a charge that John Adams, if elected president, would “rip up the constitution” and make himself king, appointing his sons as princes. His team went as far as to say that one of Adams’ sons was going to marry the daughter of King George III. It is hard to tell how the American people, who had only finished fighting the British about twenty years earlier, reacted to such hearsay, but Adams wound up winning the election.
These two heated rivals didn’t stay quiet long because in the very next election in 1800 the political vitriol continued. Jefferson’s people claimed Adams had sent a ship to transport two of his mistresses from Europe, while Adams’ group claimed that Jefferson was, “the son of a half-breed Indian squaw, sired by a Virginia mulatto father.” They also claimed that Jefferson fathered children with one of slaves, which as time has gone by appears to likely be the case.
After those two were done sparring a famous tiff between another Adams, John Quincy, and Andrew Jackson got particularly ugly. In the 1828 race for the Presidency John Quincy Adams attacked every aspect of Andrew “Old Hickory” Jackson, nothing was off the table. Adams’ backers attacked through newspaper columns, leaflets, and handbills degrading Jackson’s mother, who they claimed was a prostitute, his father, who they claimed was a mulatto, Jackson himself, who they said was a murderer, and even his wife, who they said was a bigamist. The attacks were so harsh they are said to have caused a heart attack killing Jackson’s wife before his inauguration.
Some other notable attacks were against Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and 64, where his “Honest Abe” persona was mimicked and called “Honest Ape” and he would be characterized as a buffoon, thief, tyrant, or a butcher. Rutherford B. Hayes preferred to attack his opponent, Samuel Tildon, by calling him a syphilitic drunk in 1876. Tildon retorted by saying Hayes shot his own mother, and stole money from dead civil war soldiers.
A direct descendant of Christopher Columbus is still looking for gold. In a press release from May 10 2012, Petaquilla Minerals, a gold producer in Spain and Portugal announced that Colon de Carvajal joined their company.
Petaquilla Minerals Ltd. is pleased to announce that Don Cristobal Colon de Carvajal has accepted a position on the Company’s Advisory Board effective immediately.
Mr. Colon de Carvajal is a direct descendant of Cristobal Colon, one of the great mariners in history more commonly referred to as Christopher Columbus. Like his ancestor, Mr. Colon de Carvajal holds the titles of Duke of Veragua, a territory located in Panama, Duke de la Vega, Marquis of Jamaica, and Admiral of the Ocean Sea, a title bestowed on the discoverer.
Don Cristobal Colon de Carvajal was formerly an officer, helicopter pilot, and commander of a naval vessel in the Spanish Navy and he holds several awards in Spain and abroad, including a medal bestowed by the Republic of Poland “for sacrifice and courage” following the rescue of Polish sailors after the sinking of their ship. He is recognized for his various activities in different regions of the world and has been honoured with appointments such as Special Mission Ambassador, whereby he has represented Spain at events held in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Following a successful military career, Mr. Colon de Carvajal joined a major Spanish insurance company as Executive Vice President (Executive Vice Chairman), a post he held for 15 years, overseeing matters of insurance, loans and other financings.
- 1609, Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen.
- 1683, Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna, several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
- 1814, Battle of North Point: an American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.
- 1818, Richard Gatling, American firearms inventor (d. 1903) was born.
- 1846, Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
- 1847, Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
- 1848, Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
- 1857, Manuel Espinosa Batista, Panamanian Politician and business. Founder of the Republic. (d. 1919) was born.
- 1869, Peter Mark Roget, British lexicographer (b. 1779) died.
- 1874, The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
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